A Broker Makes a Rational Offer for his Future Residence the Results

My wife and I have been looking for a home (for followers of my blog we sold our primary residence of just shy of 30 years back in April 2017). We have kept our eye on a listing in one of Denver’s most desirable and stable (concerning values over the long-term) neighborhoods. The home we expressed interest in is small (similar houses have been expanded), requires updating to present code including electrical, no garage and the basement shows evidence of past and more recent water damage.  Coupled with all the above information the most recent index by Beracha, Hardin & Johnson Buy vs. Rent Index suggests we would be better of renting than purchasing at present yet as brokers we too sometimes operate on emotion and we are looking longer-term.

While the index does somewhat influence my decision; being a logical broker I conducted my due diligence concerning comparable properties in the same block on the same side of the street. I went back a few years and extrapolated the comparable’s using an inflation calculator to justify our offer.

While I will not disclose the address, the asking based on above grade SF is approximately $625 Per Square Foot (PSF). The comparable properties all have similar lot size and as mentioned on the same side of the street on the same block:

  • Comp 1: Sold – 3/2018:

Sold for $459/PSF Above Grade

Inflation Factor: N/A

-This home is in meticulous shape including the architecturally designed addition on the rear with the expanded kitchen, family room with fireplace, 2-car garage and professionally landscaped front, rear and side.

  • Comp 2: Sold -10/2017

Sold for $417/PSF Above Grade

Inflation Factor: $429 PSF Above Grade

-While I have not seen the inside except from the exterior new lighting, new windows, architect-designed extensions on the rear, garage parking to match. It is a duplex and both sides sold together as one structure. Each 1/2 of the duplex has 3 bedrooms and 2.5 bathrooms, larger than the subject property.

  • Comp 3: Sold – 6/2017

Sold for $532/PSF Above Grade

Inflation Factor: $546 PSF Above Grade

-While used as a pied-a-terre the interior condition is similar. The kitchen was outdated however larger space, has a garage and deep south setback with a lot that is 1,000+ SF larger than subject property.

  • Comp 4: Sold – 7/2015

Sold for $395 PSF

Inflation Factor: $420 PSF Above Grade

The house is very similar to Comp 1 (next door) yet narrower lot and smaller size overall. Excellent design and layout. The rear and upper extension were beautifully designed and executed with functionality i.e. den w/ fireplace, expanded kitchen with breakfast area, 2 car garage made of brick to match the historic urban fabric coupled with a professionally landscaped yard.

Thus concerning the comparable properties using 2018 dollars the prices per square foot above grade range from $420 to $546. While 4 homes do not make a proper statistical average would be $463.50 PSF based on inflation with the $546/PSF sale skewing the average upward do to limited sample size. Of note the Median is $444/PSF.

Many of my peer brokers believe the peak of the market was 6-12 months prior as prices are beginning to slip, inventory is increasing coupled with rising mortgage interest rates.

Based on the $463 PSF average noted the house we made the offer upon should be priced at approximately $625,000 which may even be somewhat aggressive as the comparables are homes that have been extensively renovated or updated and all include alley access garages.

We offered $560 PSF or 20% above the comparable properties identified on a PSF basis.

Our offer was promptly rejected as the seller is asking $625 PSF.

While no fault of the out-of-state seller if /when the residence goes under contract and assuming there is an appraisal there may be a rude awakening. We could have offered full price and use the appraisal and inspection contingencies to eventually close at a lower market oriented price; however that is not our method of operation.

We made a viable offer, provided statistical pricing guidance and was subsequently rejected based on I assume emotion and/or irrational exuberance concerning valuation. I have been incorrect before and the residence may actually sell for asking (of note at present on the market almost two months and one price reduction to date); on this one we like it (we do not love it) however we willing to wait it out or pass altogether as inventory increases and pricing pressures are forecast to be in our (buyers) favor.

 

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The Avenues of Valuation Demarcation Concerning Cherry Creek Residential

For many of us experienced real estate brokers there was a time when Cherry Creek residential was literally split into two distinct neighborhoods, Cherry Creek North (north of 1stAvenue) and Cherry Creek East (south of 1stAvenue).

At present brokers and prospective buyers seem to use the term Cherry Creek to represent the area generally bounded by 6thAvenue on the North, Alameda Avenue on the South (from east of the Mall), University Boulevard on the West and Colorado Boulevard in the East.

While the housing styles are similar throughout the greater Cherry Creek neighborhood including duplexes, row houses and more recently condos and a few very pricy single family homes I have been curious from a broker’s perspective concerning demarcations within the neighborhood.

I decided to analyze the Cherry Creek Neighborhood from Steele Street on the West to Colorado Boulevard on the East, an area that is all residential. I decided to use various avenues as demarcations as based on experience residences north of 3rdAvenue (which has become a bypass for 1stAvenue) seems to always be more expensive and inventory south of 1stAvenue due to size and design is the lowest cost in the area. Thus I wished to validate my experience with statistics of what is on the market at present.

From 3rdAvenue to 6th Avenue -On market: 53 residences

-Avg Layout: 3BD/5BA

-Above Grade SF: 2,812 SF

Avg. Asking: $1,839,000 or $527.86 PSF

-Days on Market: 53

-Average Year of Construction: 2005

From 1stAvenue to 3rd Ave -On market: 47 residences

-Avg Layout: 3BD/4BA

-Above Grade SF: 2,404 SF

-Avg. Asking: $1,049,500 or $500.34 PSF

-Days on Market: 47

-Average Year of Construction: 2004

From 1stAvenue to Alameda Avenue -On market: 26 residences

-Avg Layout: 2BD/3BA

-Above Grade SF: 2,047 SF

-Avg. Asking: $877,450 or $459.10 PSF

-Days on Market: 76

-Average Year of Construction: 2006

Some will suggest the new construction north of 3rdAvenue is skewing the numbers upward and the condos south of 1stAvenue bring down prices. Thus I have also included the asking based on above grade Per Square Foot to provide a more accurate representation.

As one traverses north from Cherry Creek (the waterway) towards 6thAvenue there is a continual uptick in asking prices (and sales data).  North of 6thAvenue the urban fabric changes drastically to majority single-family houses of the Congress Park neighborhood, thus not included in the analysis.

Thus if considering buying or selling, the sweet spot east of Steele Street seems to be between 3rdand 6thAvenues.  Even more impressive purchase or sell just north of the Cherry Creek North Business Improvement District i.e. University to Steele, 3rdto 6thAvenues, just be aware older housing stock and longer days on market yet an impressive $600+ PSF:

From 3rdAvenue to 6thAvenue University Blvd to Steele St. -On market: 11 residences

-Avg Layout: 3BD/4BA

-Above Grade SF: 3,043 SF

Avg. Asking: $1,650,000 or $603.02 PSF

-Days on Market: 89

-Average Year of Construction: 1997

Happy House Hunting

 

 

 

 

 

Denver Real Estate Market seems to be slowing yet irrational exuberance has not been tempered just yet

Preparing for the Next Cycle

Earlier this week REColorado AKA our Multilist service advised of a “Summer Cooldown” in Metro Denver. Anecdotally we are witnessing an increase in available inventory, longer periods between on market to under contract and pricing that seems to be adjusting to the new reality of lessening demand coupled with higher interest rates.

Thus I was amused to see a new listing in my neighborhood of Cherry Creek, which seems to defy conventional logic. I am not the broker, I am not the owner/seller and I have no idea what the motivation or rationale concerning pricing is HOWEVER I will keep an eye on this one just for my own edification.

While I will not disclose the exact address, the residence is within the 300 block just north of the Business Improvement District aka Cherry Creek North. Many could consider this block prime (I am mixed as it has a concentration of condominiums, curb-cuts and cut-through traffic but I am also trained as an urban planner thus I see what many prospective buyers do not).  Thus owners are literally a few hundred yards away from a wine bar, artisanal coffee, restaurants and so forth. Thus true urban lifestyle with a suburban design and space.

Concerning pricing, here is the history of the residence:

  • February 1999:         Sold for $620,000/$146 PSF ($937,837 in 2018)
  • May 2006:                 Sold for $950,000/$223  ($1,187,527 in 2018)
  • -Of note top of the market, yet good for the seller, 53% gain in 7 years.

 

  • October 2015:           On market for $1,595,000/$376PSF ($1,695,868 in 2018)
  • Did Not Sell: if sold would be a 68% increase over the last sale at the top of the market during the last up-cycle.

 

  • November 2015:       Price reduced to $1,495,000/$352PSF ($1,589,544 in 2018)
  • -Did Not Sell
  • July 2018:                  Place on market for $1,650,000/$388PSF

At $1,650,000 I wish the sellers the best of success. If they are indeed successful selling at asking they will have matched inflation, which is commendable considering, they purchased at the top of the market. Of course when factoring in upkeep, taxes, interest on the mortgage and so forth the calculus changes however they have also had a roof over their heads.

Just for fun I compared the returns above against the S&P 500 with dividend reinvest and not considering inflation, just in real dollars:

Between February 1999 and May 2006

  • The residence appreciated 223%
  • The S&P 500 appreciated 15.5%

Thus residential real estate was the way to invest over those years.

Between May 2006 and June 2018 (most recent S&P Calculator month)

  • The residence (assuming a sale at asking) appreciated 75%
  • The S&P 500 appreciated 172%

During the post Great Recession period we have witnessed the values of real estate and equities rise in tandem. Based in the period from 1999 to 2006 real estate was the better investment. Yet from the Great Recession to today we have witnessed equities and real estate both escalate in tandem. While I am not an economist some would argue bubbles are forming or have formed.

In a Continuing Education class this past week we were collectively discussing the return of non-conforming loans; the ones that brought on the last recession i.e. non-income verification, low or no money down mortgages and other exotic mortgage vehicles. Granted most mortgages are repackaged and sold to investors through various channels.

With interest rates going up and inflation a distinct possibility not to mention trade wars, currency issues (see the Turkish Lira) and investors chasing more aggressive returns…..my advice, sit on the sidelines or better hedge and buckle your seat belts as the old adage goes History Repeats Itself and we all have short memories.

 

 

 

 

Why One in Three Millennials may be making a serious mistake when purchasing a home

It was not so long ago when one purchased a home with the rationale of not only having a roof over’s one head but also a vehicle to keep up with and even better beat inflation and have enjoy some added tax deduction benefits.

While the above value concept may have been eroding for some time:

  • Assuming a residence can only increase in value (the Great Recession shattered that myth).
  • Using equity in one’s residence as leverage (the House as Personal ATM).
  • Limitations on the deductibility concerning real estate taxes.

As a broker I completely understand the desire for a home purchase especially when we see markets with low inventory and continued historically low-interest rates. Yet are Millennials setting themselves up for future challenges?

Yes most millennials went through the Great Recession and while experienced may not have been in the workforce or owned a residence. They may not have witnessed the job losses, foreclosures and the evaporation of paper wealth over that period. While the economy has come roaring back (even though I question the longevity of this bull market) as I always advise past performance is not indicative of future returns.

This is why a recent survey from The Bank of the West truly concerns me as follows:  “The fact that nearly one in three millennials who already own their homes have dipped into their retirement nest eggs to finance their down payment is alarming. With careful financial planning, millennials can have it all – the dream home today, without compromising their retirement security tomorrow.” Ryan Bailey, Head of the Retail Banking Group at Bank of the West.

Basic reality; a mortgage is debt, plan and simple. While a long-term mortgage with a low monthly payment and a fixed interest rate may be attractive and definitely can be a hedge in an inflationary environment, it is still debt.

Yes the mortgage payment may in fact be less than comparable rent (yet did the buyer factor in the down-payment).

While there are tax advantages including mortgage interest and real estate tax deductions, are the benefits truly appreciable concerning one’s income? The debt to income ratio can be an eye-opener.

Unlike retirement investing which is usually liquid and easily revised depending on market conditions, a residence is truly illiquid and can incur major costs when trying to sell i.e. commissions, preparation to sell and so forth.

Home ownership can be a foundation for a lifetime. This is not necessarily a positive attribute. What happens if the homeowner decides to entertain an employment opportunity elsewhere? What if the market during that time is a buyer’s market?  What if market rent would NOT cover the monthly PITI? In such scenarios one may be losing precious investment opportunities while covering the monthly payment coupled with an inflation reduced asset.

Mortgages do provide leverage and equity via one’s down-payment HOWEVER during the recession the terms negative equity, short-sales and foreclosures entered the vernacular and unfortunately we all have collective short-memories. Just last week I viewed a home on S. Monaco in the Southmoor neighborhood. While needing some cosmetic updates the home is in good condition and state of repair. Lowest priced home in the area concerning both asking and on a PSF basis. The asking $475,000 yet this is a short-sale with a loan balance of $515,000. Yes in the present sellers market a short-sale!

In addition to all of the above what concerns me locally here in Denver is the type and location of residences millennial’s are purchasing. I am seeing a proliferation of townhouse style residences as well as condos and similar attached multi-family construction in all the most desirable neighborhoods i.e. Golden Triangle, LoHi, Highlands, Sloans Lake and others. Concerning affordable, think again, many are $500K+ some pushing 7 figures. Yet I am seeing younger buyers purchasing with the assumption that 1) housing will continue to appreciate,  2) they plan to live in or potentially rent if they move or lifestyle change and 3) using monies allocated for retirement and/or using family capital to assist in purchase with the belief that inflation coupled with low mortgage loan rates is a winning combination.

While these new homes are beautiful and contemporary and perfect for the single or young DINK (dual-income no kids) couple; lifestyles change. Are these buyers considering children in the future? Are the local schools the caliber they desire for their offspring? Is there a risk of a glut in the area when the market adjusts course? How deep is the rental market for their unit style? Will rent cover their PITI?

I recently worked with a couple and this was their course concerning home ownership over the past decade and my forecast for their future:

  • Years 1-4: First Purchase: Smaller Home in West Washington Park
  • Years 4-8: Sold West Washington Park Home. Purchased in Stapleton as one child heading to elementary school and another on the way.
  • Year 10: Sold out of Stapleton, purchased in Littleton, house triple the size of Denver and large lot, literally 1/2 the cost of anything within 8 miles of downtown, more attractive school system yet more challenging commute (both work in downtown) however easy access to light-rail and Santa Fe Drive.
  • ————————————————————-
  • Year 10-15: Forecast – Will stay in Littleton until youngest goes off to college.
  • Year 16: Forecast – Sell Littleton home, move to Cherry Creek North.

I am a firm believe one’s first home can be a great foundation for future success from lifestyle to investing. However I also feel one’s first home should not be over-extended i.e. live within one’s means, consider allocating some housing expenditures to the equities market to take advantage of compound interest and if planning so change jobs, careers, locations be realistic as if changes are happening in 3-5 years the potential loss of equity concerning one’s home can happen. Ask all the buyers in 2006 which sold between 2008 and 2013…..

 

How did The Brady Bunch do in The Real Estate Market

Remember The Brady Bunch the iconic television series of the late 1960’s. Well the famous house (the façade shown in the opening and closing credits) is up for sale; the first time since 1973.

Now I always questioned why Mike, an architect would design the children’s bedrooms to be triple occupancy and share a Jack-and-Jill or a Greg-and-Marcia bathroom. Mike and Carol’s bedroom had an en-suite and Alice had her room (see floor-plan link below). Yet the children ensconced in their shared bedroom until Greg had the brilliant idea to convert Mike’s study and later the attic to his own pad including beads and mood lighting. And those kids having to play in the yard with fake grass. I assume Mr. Phillip’s; Mike’s boss was paying him well.

Floorplan of the fictional Brady Residence

The Listing as presented on Zillow: 11222 Dilling Street, North Hollywood, CA 91602

Do to the popularity a low fence had been installed: Brady House Then and Now

Back to the real estate. While the home’s façade was famous the actual filming of the series was on a lot and not in the house. Now the house has not changed much since 1973 as the interior shots show via Zillow.

I was curious on how the fictional Brady’s would have done if they actually owned the house. Now realistically the kids would have moved on by now, or so I hope. Or Jan stayed at home with the parents to take care of them. Greg and Carol would probably be challenged to install a stair-lift on the contemporary staircase. And Alice’s room would probably now be the room of their live-in aid or Jan’s abode.

  • In 1973 the house was purchased for $61,000
  • Adjusted for inflation, that $61,000 would be $346,200 today.
  • The asking price is $1,885,000.

Thus not a bad windfall. The sad news is most likely the next owner may consider razing the home due to its 12,500 SF lot in Studio City, which is a geographically most attractive area of West Los Angeles. If one were to renovate to today’s code and tastes, most likely $400K or higher. Of note being the most photographed house in the United States only 2ndto The White House (the house is surrounded by mature shrubs which has not dissuaded visitors) you are guaranteed all day voyeurs.

Thus The Brady’s at asking will net over $1.5M in 2018 dollars before commissions.

If you may be interested my firm affiliation  Engel and Volkers does have shops in the Los Angeles area.

Is the Bond Market Forecasting a Recession Sooner than Later

On more than one occasion when discussing the Denver housing market I have heard “This time is different”. While we have experienced an unprecedented bull market concerning housing and equities since coming out of the Great Recession; it is never different. Unless I missed the memo, business cycles have not ended.

So why this blog today? Well a couple of reasons:

The Bond Market May Be Advising A Recession is Not Far Off:  While I am a real estate broker I do keep an eye on the bond markets as they influence mortgage interest rates. It is well-known interest rates on mortgages have been ticking upwards from historic lows and still, historically are quite attractive at sub 5%. To be honest mortgage interest rates are not what is worrying me, it is what is called The Yield Curve.

While I can probably explain The Yield Curve the following from The New York Times is an excellent simple description:

“The yield curve is basically the difference between interest rates on short-term United States government bonds, say, two-year Treasury notes, and long-term government bonds, like 10-year Treasury notes.

Typically, when an economy seems in good health, the rate on the longer-term bonds will be higher than short-term ones. The extra interest is to compensate, in part, for the risk that strong economic growth could set off a broad rise in prices, known as inflation. Lately, though, long-term bond yields have been stubbornly slow to rise — which suggests traders are concerned about long-term growth — even as the economy shows plenty of vitality.

At the same time, the Federal Reserve has been raising short-term rates, so the yield curve has been “flattening.” In other words, the gap between short-term interest rates and long-term rates is shrinking.”

What is worrisome, on the 21stof June (a few days ago) the gap between two-year and 10-year United States Treasury notes was roughly 0.34 percentage points. It was last at these levels in 2007 when the United States economy was heading into what was arguably the worst recession in almost 80 years. Of note the Yield Curve fell below zero in late 2007 and the Great Recession started soon after.

Ok, so there is a risk of a recession. A layperson may argue the Yield Curve is not accurate HOWEVER it has predicted recessions over the last 60 years as noted by research conducted by the San Francisco Federal Reserve which can be found via the following link https://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/el2018-07.pdf

However to be fair interest rates on long-term bonds have been somewhat manipulated downward due to worldwide central bank interventions i.e. long-term bond buying to shore up economies and keep interest rates low. Thus one could suggest and I partially buy into the idea that the flattening yield curve may be somewhat artificial and not truly representative of the economy’s future course.

Case-Shiller Housing Index: One of my favorite monthly reads and this month’s numbers are nothing new as the same cities continue to hold the top spots: Seattle, Las Vegas, and San Francisco continue to report the highest year-over-year gains among the 20 cities. In April, Seattle led the way with a 13.1% year-over-year price increase, followed by Las Vegas with a 12.7% increase and San Francisco with a 10.9% increase.

Yet what intrigues me (and I hope the readers of my blog) is the historical perspective coupled with factoring in inflation as noted from the most recent report in italics as follows:

Looking back to the peak of the boom in 2006, 10 of the 20 cities tracked by the indices are higher than their peaks; the other ten are below their high points. The National Index is also above its previous all-time high, the 20-city index slightly up versus its peak, and the 10-city is a bit below. However, if one adjusts the price movements for inflation since 2006, a very different picture emerges. Only three cities – Dallas, Denver and Seattle – are ahead in real, or inflation-adjusted, terms. The National Index is 14% below its boom-time peak and Las Vegas, the city with the longest road to a new high, is 47% below its peak when inflation is factored in.

Thus if you were a buyer in Denver even during the peak in 2006 and managed to hold onto your home through the Great Recession to today, you are actually ahead concerning real and inflation adjusted dollars.

However I have provided evidence of real estate purchased within the last few years when adjusted for inflation actually losing value.  Thus I decided to look at the annualized return on housing within Denver in a style similar to how mutual funds are profiled i.e. 3, 5 and 10 year annualized returns:

For Denver:

  • 3 Years: 8.17%
  • 5 Years: 9.06%
  • 10 Years: 5.20%

Based on the above-annualized return the last 3-5 years have been a great time to buy and sell. However 10 years ago when the recession started as you can see from the above the annualized return was 5.2%. Yes this beats inflation which we all desire, however when compared to the S&P 500:

S&P 500:

  • 3 Years: 7.30%
  • 5 Years: 7.07%
  • 10 Years: 6.76%

Over the longer term equities continue to beat the housing market.  My message is simple; I believe we may be in an inflated housing market in Denver. As I have provided evidence in past blogs the luxury market seems to be showing signs of resistance to upward prices as evidenced with price reductions coming on line sooner and days on market longer even in what should be peak selling season.

Even the middle and lower end of the market seems to be reacting to the interest rate environment with price increases not as dramatic as higher interest rates reduce affordability.

Between the whipsawing of economic news concerning tariffs/trade, the potential for an inverted yield curve, a slow down in the Denver housing market possibly due to interest rates or buyer fatigue due to lack of inventory based on anecdotal observations or just a bull market that is getting long in the tooth; maybe it is time to take profits and if in cash, maybe time to sit on the sidelines and chill.

 

 

 

 

If At First You Do Not Succeed; Relist and Hope for the Best

While I do not necessarily believe the following quote is attributable to Einstein in the context of this blog I find it most appropriate:

 Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.

I use the above quote to characterize some aspects of the real estate market in Metro Denver that I am witnessing as both a broker and observer. To distill the niche of the market for which this quote is appropriate are the select listings which enter the market, do not sell, are withdrawn or expired and come back on the market at the same or higher price.

Here are just a few select examples:

100 Lafayette Street: A sprawling 2-story post-war suburban style home in the desirable Country Club neighborhood on an expansive lot.

  • 4/2/16          Listed at $1,350,000 – subsequently withdrawn or expired
  • 3/9/17          Listed at $1,300,000 – subsequently withdrawn or expired
  • 5/18/17        Listed at $1,300,000
  • 6/6/17          Price Adjustment to $1,280,000
  • 7/18/17        Price Adjustment to $1,250,000 – subsequently withdrawn or expired
  • 3/18/18        Listed at $1,250,000
  • 4/18/18        Expired
  • 4/19/18        Listed at $1,199,000

This residence will have been on and off the market for 2 calendar years. During that time, while there has been at the most recent resisting a $150,000 price reduction or approx. 9% the residence continues to search for a buyer. Yet the pricing over the past year had remained static. Yes, one may argue inventory for the neighborhood continues to be challenged and just waiting for the correct buyer. I will continue to watch as while the residence has many positives i.e. finished square feet and larger lot; much of the interior could use a cosmetic update and the residence is adjacent to 1stAvenue at a partial motion intersection; while designed correctly i.e. south garage will continue to be a challenge.

600 High Street: A large sprawling large brick potential duplex configuration sitting on a coveted 100’ x 125’ lot. Personally I have had my eye on this one for potential redevelopment HOWEVER I too cannot make the numbers work yet its pricing history continues to baffle me:

  • 8/26/14:      Listed at $1,495,000
  • 8/26/15:      Price Adjustment to $1,445,000
  • 11/20/15:    Price Adjustment to $1,395,000
  • 1/9/16:        Price Adjustment to $1,345,000 – under contract and active again
  • 4/8/16:        Relisted at $1,150,000
  • 10/8/17:      Price Adjustment to $1,250,000 (yes adjusted upward)
  • 10/27/17:    Price Adjustment to $1,150,000  (1.5 years to get back to that price)
    •                         -Goes under contract multiple times and falls through
  • 12/11/17:    Price Adjustment to $999,000 (under contract and falls through)
  • 3/23/18:      Relisted at $999,000
  • 4/15/18:      Goes Under Contract
  • 4/26/18:      Back on market at $999,000

At of April 2018 this residence has been on and off market for 3.5 years. While there had been a substantial price reduction from the original $1,495,000 to a more realistic $999,000 the home has still not sold.  I will not get into the details of Time Value of Money and Inflation. Yet I will suggest the history of this house seems to repeat itself, look at the sales history:

  • 7/13/1995:   Sold for $670,000
  • 2/20/1997:   Sold for $670,000
  • 6/15/2002:   Sold for $625,000

Thus between 1995 and 2002 the home actually lost $45,000 (more if factoring in inflation) and now with 3.5 years on the market continues to look for a buyer. While there may be a buyer willing to pay $999,000, when factoring in inflation and rising interest rates is it worth the wait not even considering maintenance and carrying costs.

140 S Claremont Street: This is a home I have watched as I walk by weekly when looking at options in Hilltop. With its coveted location within 2 blocks of Graland as well as Cranmer Park coupled with great curb appeal I have literally watched this home bounce around concerning pricing as follows:

  • 6/15/16:       Listed at $2,375,000
  • 8/30/17:       Price Adjustment to $2,275,000 – Subsequently withdrawn
  • 1/12/17:       Listed at $2,275,000
  • 4/10/17:       Price Adjustment to $2,175,000
  • 6/14/17:       Price Adjustment to $2,075,000 – Subsequently withdrawn
  • 8/7/17:         Price Adjustment to $1,999,000
  • 10/4/17:       Price Adjustment to $1,900,000 – Subsequently withdrawn
  • 4/1/18:         Relisted at $1,950,000
  • 4/27/18:       Goes Under Contract

During its almost 2 years on the market there were multiple price adjustments coming down to $1,900,000 in October 2017 only to be placed back on the market in April 2018 at $50,000 more. Again, I understand spring selling season yet I guarantee you any good broker representing a buyer will review the history of the listing and share with their client. As of last week, went under contract; I assume the broker representing the buyer has shared the pricing history.

Back to the definition of insanity. While I am not suggesting the above examples are insane. I believe it is more a function of the market or the perception of the market i.e. unabated demand, low supply and continued low interest rates. Yet the markets are a changing i.e. interest rates are ticking up, inflation is on the horizon and the equity markets are buoyant yet the charts are showing a slow downward trend from their peak on 1/28/18 of 26,616 (while composing this blog the DJI is trading at 24,288 or 9% off the high of 3 months ago.

I do not fault the brokers or their clients i.e. the sellers…..this has happened to me as a broker! This was back in 2012 when the market has just endured the Great Recession and was just beginning to show signs of a activity. I will not disclose the address as the home has since been sold and closed however the neighborhood was Cory-Merrill.

The house a pop-top first sold after renovation in October 2005 for $810,000. 2005 we were 1.5 years before the peak of the market; the buyers in retrospect over-paid for the residence. In addition to being in the house for $810,000, they added an additional $40K in cosmetic upgrades to the interior, thus their in the house for $850,000.

I am contacted in early 2012 concerning listing the residence. The sellers are retiring and moving and desire to leave Denver. I go over to the residence with a peer broker armed with comparable’s and camera. My co-broker and I confer and suggest an asking of $715,000. And now the saga begins as follows:

Per the seller the house is listed in April 2012 for $819,000! Yes, $819K

  • 4/25/12:       Listed at $819,000
    •   -3 weeks, one showing off an open-house.
  • 5/15/12:       Price Adjustment to $739,000
    • -Seller still believes this is the selling price regardless of our $715,000 suggestion a month earlier.
  • 10/4/12:       Relisted with another broker for $739,000
  • 11/2/12:       Price Adjustment to $725,000
  • 12/14/12:     Sold for $710,000

In addition to the loss between the $810,000 paid in 10/2005 to the $710,000 paid in 12/12 or $100,000 over the 7 years during my 10 months as broker the seller’s paid in excess of $40,000 in mortgage and carrying costs only to sell the residence for what my peer and I suggested 10 months earlier.

While I did not share the following with the seller; based on inflation the $810,000 paid in 2005 equaled $952,250 in 2012; thus their loss was even more severe.

 

The lessons are simple:

For sellers, even in a hot “sellers market” be realistic.

For brokers, while a listing may look attractive, if it does not sell, it is a challenge both financially and psychologically for all parties.

Finally from Wall Street we say “Do not fight the tape”…..the DJI is off 9% from its high, interest rates are going up, inflation is an actual concern and wages while ticking up are still considered stagnant for now.  My humble suggestion, price correctly and sell immediately, the Goldilocks market conditions can change to a Papa Bear in a moment’s notice. Sell like its 2016 not 2005.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Does the New York City Luxury Market Foretell the Denver Luxury Market and Beyond

Yes I am well aware Denver is not New York City even if we do have Rosenberg’s Bagels and The New York Deli News; literally a slice of the Big Apple on Hampden Avenue. However the old adage goes when New York sneezes the rest of the country catches a cold. The reference is to the stock market; I am more concerned about the real estate market.

As some of my readers know I hold real estate licenses in both Colorado and New York and I work in both markets. Most recently the statistics concerning New York City real estate is concerning:

  • Real estate sales in the first quarter of 2018 posted their largest drop in nearly a decade and reached their lowest level in more than six years.
  • The high end of the market is getting hit the hardest, partly because of asking prices.
  • Many sellers have yet to lower their prices in keeping with tax law changes and a general slowdown since 2014.

The big headline in Manhattan was the 25% reduction is sales in the first quarter of 2018 when compared with the prior year. While the number in itself raised a few eyebrows more shocking was the drop, the largest in a decade meaning since the day when Lehman Brothers and Bear Sterns basically imploded and some argue the catalyst of The Great Recession.

The high end of the market is getting hit the hardest, since it’s the most discretionary segment. Prices for luxury apartments in Manhattan fell 15 percent and sales were down 24 percent in the quarter from 2017.

In Denver the luxury market seems to be on fire with sales including the highest number of over $1M homes selling in 2017 and a few blockbuster listings already in 2018. New York City went through the same cycle a few years back including the record setting $100M condo sale at 157 W 57thStreet.

For now Denver seems immune as the luxury sales have been associated with truly unique and rare properties in Denver’s toniest neighborhoods including Country Club, Cherry Creek North, Polo Club and in the suburbs including Cherry Hills Village. My question is anyone concerned about the number of condos coming online and developed in Cherry Creek North, many asking over $1M. Or the potential glut of luxury rentals on the market and those in the pipeline in Cherry Creek and along the Speer Corridor.

The luxury housing market I have suggested is similar to the stock market; it in general looks forward and sets the trends for the overall market. Well let’s look at the overall Manhattan market…..

The average sales price in Manhattan dropped 8 percent when compared to one-year prior. 8% may not sound like much however let’s assume you purchased a home in Metro Denver in 2017 for the average price of $480,140. How would you feel if suddenly $38,000 of your value suddenly disappeared and your home was now worth $442,140?

The money you invested in the conventional down-payment has basically disappeared yet your mortgage is the same, your PITI will probably increase due to property taxes and thinking about refinancing, interest rates are trending up not down.

While many believe the Federal Tax Law changes concerning deductibility of real estate taxes being capped at $10,000 mostly affects the Northeast and California, guess again….many of the luxury homes selling in the Denver metro area have tax bills in excess of $10,000 annually. The next assessment coupled with the gains over the past few years will increase valuations even further.

Let’s assume tax law changes are inconsequential; let’s consider other factors, which are challenging the Manhattan market:

Glut of Luxury Properties: In Manhattan due to land and construction costs luxury is what has to be constructed to justify investment costs. The same is being said in Cherry Creek North and in areas of gentrification i.e. LoHi and RiNo. Yet the luxury market is not infinite i.e. the higher the price point the less demand, as the potential pool of buyers is smaller and honestly more fickle.

Out-migration: While I continually hear about the continued in-migration leading to challenges concerning livability the reality is according to the state demographer, we are experiencing increased out-migration.

Cost Of Living: Denver is and has been for a few years the most expensive city not located on a coastline. While we believe we can rest on our laurels concerning the Colorado Lifestyle and the hipness of Denver, Salt Lake City is nipping at our spurs. We also forget such cities as Minneapolis, Dallas and others are actively courting tech businesses and capturing new residents due to their reasonable cost of living.

Do I see the market changing radically in the next few months? Not necessarily however the headwinds are there i.e. interest rate hikes, a bull market that seems to be losing steam, housing costs that are increasing faster than average wages and over-priced listings sitting on the market the light of rationality.

While we may wish to emulate Seattle, Portland and San Francisco we should be careful what we wish for.

 

 

If at First You do not Succeed Re-list

While I do not necessarily believe the following quote is attributable to Einstein in the context of this blog I find it most appropriate:

Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.

I use the above quote concerning the some aspects of the real estate market in Metro Denver that I am witnessing. To distill the niche of the market for which this quote is appropriate are the select listings which come on the market, do not sell, are withdrawn or expired and come back on the market at the same or higher price.

Here are just a few select examples:

100 Lafayette Street: A sprawling 2-story post-war suburban style home in the desirable Country Club neighborhood on an expansive lot.

  • 4/2/16           Listed at $1,350,000 – subsequently withdrawn or expired
  • 3/9/17           Listed at $1,300,000 – subsequently withdrawn or expired
  • 5/18/17        Listed at $1,300,000
  • 6/6/17           Price Adjustment to $1,280,000
  • 7/18/17        Price Adjustment to $1,250,000 – subsequently withdrawn or expired
  • 3/18./18        Listed at $1,250,000

As of today this residence will have been on and off the market for two calendar years. During that time, while there has been a $100,000 price reduction or approx. 8% the residence continues to search for a buyer. Yet the pricing over the past year has remained static. Yes, one may argue inventory for the neighborhood continues to be challenged and just waiting for the correct purchaser i.e. one who desires a larger home at a below comparable PSF pricing. I will continue to watch as while the residence has many positives i.e. finished square feet and larger lot. However being adjacent to 1st Avenue, even with a sound/privacy wall will be a challenge for many prospective buyers (I know the challenges;  I have transacted residences along the 200 Block of Colorado Boulevard).

600 High Street: A sprawling large brick potential duplex configuration situated on a coveted 100’ x 125’ lot. Personally I have had my eye on this one for potential redevelopment HOWEVER I too cannot make the numbers work (due to pricing, location adjacent to 6th Avenue and Historic District inclusion) yet its pricing history continues to baffle me:

  • 8/26/14:       Listed at $1,495,000
  • 8/26/15:       Price Adjustment to $1,445,000
  • 11/20/15:     Price Adjustment to $1,395,000
  • 1/9/16:          Price Adjustment to $1,345,000 – under contract and active again
  • 4/8/16:          Relisted at $1,150,000
  • 10/8/17:       Price Adjustment to $1,250,000 (yes adjusted upward)
  • 10/27/17:     Price Adjustment to $1,150,000 (1.5 years to get back to that price)
  •                       -Status to under contract multiple times and falls through
  • 12/11/17:     Price Adjustment to $999,000 (under contract and falls through)
  • 3/23/18:       Relisted at $999,000

At present this residence has been on and off market for 3.5 years. While there had been a substantial price reduction from the original $1,495,000 to a more realistic $999,000 the home has still not sold. I will not get into the details of Time Value of Money and Inflation. Yet I will suggest the history of this house seems to repeat itself, look at the sales history:

  • 7/13/1995:   Sold for $670,000
  • 2/20/1997:   Sold for $670,000
  • 6/15/2002:   Sold for $625,000

Thus between 1995 and 2002 the home actually lost $45,000 (more if factoring in inflation) and now with 3.5 years on the market continues to look for a buyer. While there may be a buyer willing to pay $999,000, when considering in inflation and rising interest rates is it worth the wait coupled with maintenance and carrying costs including real estate taxes.

140 S Claremont Street: This is a home I have watched as I walk by weekly when looking at opportunities in Hilltop. With its coveted location within 2 blocks of Graland as well as Cranmer Park coupled with great curb appeal I have literally watched this home bounce around concerning pricing as follows:

  • 6/15/16:       Listed at $2,375,000
  • 8/30/17:       Price Adjustment to $2,275,000 – Subsequently withdrawn
  • 1/12/17:       Listed at $2,275,000
  • 4/10/17:       Price Adjustment to $2,175,000
  • 6/14/17:       Price Adjustment to $2,075,000 – Subsequently withdrawn
  • 8/7/17:          Price Adjustment to $1,999,000
  • 10/4/17:       Price Adjustment to $1,900,000 – Subsequently withdrawn
  • 4/1/18:          Relisted at $1,950,000

During its almost two years on the market there were multiple price adjustments coming down to $1,900,000 in October 2017 only to be placed back on the market in April 2018 at $50,000 more. Again, I understand spring selling season yet I guarantee you any good broker representing a buyer will review the history of the listing and share with their client before making an offer.

Back to the definition of insanity. While I am not suggesting the above examples are insane. I believe it is more a function of the market or the PERCEPTION of the market i.e. unabated demand, low supply and continued low interest rates. Yet the markets are a changing i.e. interest rates are ticking up, inflation is on the horizon and the equity markets are buoyant yet the charts are showing a downward trend from their peak i.e. 10% off the high of 3 months ago.

I do not fault the brokers or their clients i.e. the sellers…..this has happened to yours truly!

My awakening began in 2012; the market has just experienced the Great Recession and was beginning to show signs of activity. I will not disclose the address of the residence as it has since been sold and closed, however the neighborhood is the NW quadrant of Cory-Merrill.

The house a pop-top (first and to this day the largest on the block) sold after renovation in October 2005 for $810,000. While 1-2 years before the peak of the market the buyers in retrospect over-paid for the residence based on the opinion of myself and other brokers. In addition to purchasing the house for $810,000 the buyers added an additional $40K in interior cosmetic upgrades while neglecting the rear-yard (usually a strong selling feature for most buyers), thus in their house for $850,000 in 2005 Dollars.

I was contacted in early 2012 about listing the residence. The sellers planned on retiring and relocating beyond Denver. I visit the residence with a peer broker armed with comparable sales data. My co-broker and I confer and suggested based on empirical data i.e. sales comps an asking of $715,000. Now the saga begins; per the seller’s request the house is listed in April 2012 for $819,000! Yes, $819K or $100K+ over what we suggested.

  • 4/25/12:       Listed at $819,000
  •                      -3 weeks, one showing off an open-house.
  • 5/15/12:       Price Adjustment to $739,000
    • -Seller still believes this is the eventual selling price dismissing our $715 suggestion based on verifiable comparable’s one month earlier.
  • 9/30/12:      A mutual termination concerning the listing and I am thankful as endured  50+ showings and not one single offer.
  • 10/4/12:       Relisted with another broker for $739,000
  • 11/2/12:       Price Adjustment to $725,000
  • 12/14/12:     Sold for $710,000

In addition to the $100K loss i.e. $810,000 paid in 10/2005 to the $710 paid in December 2012 over the 7 years, during my 10 months as broker the seller’s paid in excess of $40,000 in mortgage and carrying costs only to sell the residence for what my peer and I suggested 10 months earlier.

On a more technical basis, here are the inflation adjusted #’s: The $710,000 in 2005 was actually $834,673 in 2012 Dollars, thus their real dollar loss was closer to $225,000.

The lessons are simple:

  • For sellers, even in a hot sellers market be realistic.
  • For brokers, while a listing may look attractive, if it does not sell, it is a challenge both financially and psychologically for all parties.
  • For buyers, trees do not grow in the sky, they need soil and moisture.

Finally from Wall Street: “Do not fight the tape”…..the DJI is off 10% from its high of 26,616, trading at 24,037 as of this posting, interest rates are going up per the Federal Reserve Minutes, inflation is an actual concern on the horizon and wages while ticking up are still considered stagnant.

My humble suggestion, price correctly and sell immediately, the market conditions known as Goldilocks can change to Papa Bear in a moment’s notice.

Sell like its 2016 not 2005.

Is Your For Sale Residence Instagram Influencer and Hashtag Ready

I just finished an article in The New York Times titled Hashtag Open House concerning brokers hiring influencers to promote their listings. While the trend seems to at present be relegated to Los Angeles and New York City is this a marketing program a seller of a residence or their broker consider?

With a marketing and public relations background; honestly I rolled my eyes while reading the article. While I understand the concept and the desire to secure eyeballs onto a listing; will such a program and the costs associated truly sell one’s residence?

Thus I decided for fun to distill my thoughts and I welcome comments:

  • Influencers: My first question is the influencer presenting and/or penetrating the audience for the listing? Honestly when I see a multi-million dollar listing being splashed across Instagram and other channels, promoted by an Influencer I question the Return on Investment (ROI). Granted if someone can present me with an influencer that is truly targeting the prospective buyers of one of my listings I would entertain the idea. However when marketing a larger, top 2% of the market price point I have to question if the influencer is capturing the demographic I wish to target including high-net-worth, liquidity, professional educational attainment and employment and so on. My personal view is if I am not attracting qualified prospective buyers all I am attracting is voyeurs.

 

  • Voyeurs: Hey I have nothing against voyeurs. Actually I like them as A) I hope I have captured their interest, B) at some time in the future they may be a client either on the buy or sell side and C) more eyeballs mean potential sharing and potentially attracting a buyer. Now for my concern: more eyeballs may also invite nefarious activity. Granted this is nothing new; as brokers we post pictures distributed among various channels i.e. Multilist, the Internet, Social Media and  open houses have been used by those up to no-good to preview a potential opportunity for future theft, squatting, vandalism and so forth.

 

  • Is One Selling a Residence or Selling their Broker: Yes I may be old-school (it happens with 25+ years in the business) yet do such activities sell a residence or sell the broker? In general from discussions with experienced peers it seems very few open houses actually sell the home to a visitor to the open house. Please do not misunderstand; I believe open houses can be a valuable tool for both sellers and brokers including assessment of comments/responses concerning presentation, pricing, interest and so forth. Of course for brokers hosting an open house an opportunity to meet prospective clients, both sellers and buyers.

The whole concept of being Instagram ready is not new. I always suggest a prospective seller consider professionally photographed images as a picture is truly worth 1000 words. In addition for certain listings, staging and related activity may enhance the marketing program. Personally I view staging, as a 3-D advertisement coupled with presenting a fantasy that can becomes one’s reality.

And while the article mentions events and immersive marketing this is nothing new in California! A Builder Hires Model Family to Sell Homes. However even California builders were late to the party as live mannequins have been used in retail (Selfridges c. 1920’s) as well as entertainment i.e. Area in NYC in the 1990’s.

BTW if you wish to see truly challenged listings: http://terriblerealestateagentphotos.com

I will be curious how the Instagram and Influencer marketed listings work out. I comprehend the opportunity concerning new developments, a multi-unit building, rentals, a market with competition within the price-point and so forth. However for exclusive listings, the one’s that are truly unique, bespoke, rarified well……sometimes discretion can be most attractive.